One of the amazing trip from the year 2014, was trip to a friend’s native. Bidar, once the capital of Bahmani Kingdom, is now a district in the northern part of Karnataka state and hence known as Crown of Karnataka. Although its history goes back to B.C, it became historically significant when Bahamani sultan Ahmad Shah relocated the capital of his kingdom to Bidar in 1422.
Among the many attractions of Bidar, the fort tops the favorite and is one of the most formidable forts of country. Persian architecture can be seen in the fort which houses the Mahals and Mosque along with a lake. It is has triple moats which is very rare.
There are several gates to the fort among which Gumbad Darwaza and Sherza Darwaza are main entrance gates. The walls, bastions, gates and barbicans of Bidar, though in ruins, are well preserved and will be the main attractions in Bidar Utsav.
One of the most unique features is the historic Karez system which is nothing but the underground canals, built to underground water streams which are meant to provide drinking water to civilian settlements and garrison inside the fort. It is also said, beneath the surface, there also lies numerous tunnels within the fort area which is actually like two layered fort.
Rangeen Mahal is one of the integral parts of the Bidar Fort. The Mahal is also titled as the colored Mahal as it is decorated with tiles of diverse colors and as seen in the above pic, the colors haven’t faded yet!
Takht Mahal is the throne palace of the Bidar Fort. Diwan-i-am was the ceremonial focus of the Bahmani and Barid Shahi rulers. The large rectangular court seen here once had timber columns of which only the granite bases remain. Tarkash Mahal lies in the west side of the Bidar fort. It was extensively used by the rulers during the period to address private audience of the kingdom.
Having the historic significance, centuries old structures, architecture and mysteries in the tunnels passage, we wandered the fort two whole days trying to imagine ourselves going back to the time and tried to visualize the scenario from the kings and queens along with their guards and soldiers point of view. Also wondering, if at all any of the princesses trying to send love messages to her lover outside the fort/mahal through chits tied to pigeons by sitting next to a window 🙂